The major reform projects and the positioning of Morocco at the international level
On March 14, Thursday, Her Excellency Mounia Boucetta, the Secretary of State to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Morocco, gave a public lecture at the Institute for Foreign Affairs and Trade, entitled: ‘The major reform projects and the positioning of Morocco at the international level’. During the lecture Her Excellency touched upon a range of issues, primarily focusing on Morocco’s strategic resources, economic development, as well as foreign policy and trade.
Her Excellency began her speech by talking about Morocco’s economic and social capabilities. While the country lacks certain natural resources (such as oil), its most important advantage lies in its attempt to develop its human resources. She emphasised that one of the country’s most important attributes is the diversity of its society, something that the government is committed to preserving and supporting. In this endeavour, a series of reforms have been implemented in the past twenty years, including the introduction of a new constitution in 2002.
The focus then moved to Morocco’s industrial sector. Her Excellency described the current development path of the most important industries, including the electronics, textile, food, and fishing industries. The aeronautics sector was given special emphasis, as it had experienced the most significant growth in the past few years. Morocco’s green plan was also mentioned, as Her Excellency talked about modernising the agriculture through environmentally friendly methods. She noted that the around 30% of the country’s energy consumption comes from green energy, a figure which the Moroccan government hopes will increase in the future.
Besides the recent economic changes, a significant part of the lecture was devoted to Morocco’s foreign relations and foreign policy. Due to its favourable geostrategic location, Morocco is well connected to the rest of the world, and has been able to foster strong friendships with other countries. Indeed, the Moroccan government has signed free trade agreements with more than fifty countries.
The main foreign policy aim of the Moroccan government is to promote the African integration, the resolution of international problems (such as migration, climate change, terrorism or the proliferation of chemical weapons) through regional cooperation, strengthening the world order based on peace and security, as well as promoting intercultural dialogue.
At the end of the lecture, the foreign minister talked about the relations between Morocco and the European Union. Morocco has maintained close ties with the Union, which it considers indispensable in maintaining stability in the Mediterranean region. The intensity of the cooperation is manifested in, for example, the recently signed fish deal. Regarding the Hungarian-Moroccan relations, Her Excellency talked positively as Morocco represents the third most important trade partner of Hungary in Africa, though there is still room for deepening bilateral political and economic ties.