METHODOLOGY AND CONCEPT PAPERS
RE-CONCEPTUALIZING ORDERS IN THE MENA REGION - THE ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK OF THE MENARA PROJECT
The aim of this work is to set the conceptual architecture for the MENARA Project. It is articulated in five thematic sections. The first one traces back the major historical junctures in which key powers shaped the defining features of the present-day MENA region. Section 2 sets the geographical scope of the project, maps the distribution of power and defines regional order and its main features. Section 3 focuses on the domestic orders in a changing region by gauging and tracing the evolution of four trends, namely the erosion of state capacity; the securitization of regime policies; the militarization of contention; and the pluralization of collective identities. Section 4 links developments in the global order to their impact on the region in terms of power, ideas, norms and identities. The last section focuses on foresight studies and proposes a methodology to project trends and build scenarios. All sections, as well as the conclusion, formulate specific research questions that should help us understand the emerging geopolitical order in the MENA.
THE MENA REGION IN THE GLOBAL ORDER: ACTORS, CONTENTIOUS ISSUES AND INTEGRATION DYNAMICS
(László Csicsmann, Erzsébet N. Rózsa and Máté Szalai)
The paper aims at revealing the current nature of the interactions between the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region and the global order. The authors argue that this relationship can be divided into three separate issues: global actors, which influence (and are influenced by) regional developments, primarily the USA, China, Russia and the European Union; contentious issues (such as borders and mobility, trans-nationalization, norms of proliferation and energy market tendencies) which effect international and transnational relations; and global integration dynamics (in the political, economic and technological spheres) which determine the extent to which the states and societies of the MENA region participate in and shape the process of globalization. The paper introduces a number of research questions to guide further research in the different fields.